Skip to main content

Understanding Disciplines and Subjects


About This Resource

Please stay safe! Use these COOL resources for TE and continue with your professional education during this COVID-19 pandemic lockdown period. You can use the URL or the TISSx android app.

What do the resources offer?

  • The Connected Open Online Learning (COOL) resources are meant to enable student teachers and teacher educators to stay connected to their learning and engage with concepts and practices for active and inclusive teaching and learning.
  • They are mapped onto the B.Ed Curriculum Framework of NCTE. (See the table below). Please note that these resources consist of some of the key topics put together as a resource and do not cover the entire course comprehensively.
  • These resources provide an overview of key topics from each course based on current research and practices. They are not exhaustive. It is essential to follow up with rigorous readings and school-based practices that are integral and necessary for teacher preparation. The resources provide scaffolding for some readings and suggestions for tasks to strengthen practice.

This resource on Understanding Disciplines and Subjects aims to develop an understanding of the nature, history and changing notions of the disciplinary knowledge. The course will help students in understanding the debates around rationality and its relation to the school subjects. In tracing the history of these subjects, the nature of these subjects and the knowledge that is deemed important in each discipline will be discussed. The selection of the subjects (language, mathematics, social sciences and sciences) over others such as work centred learning or horticulture and the selection of content in these subjects is an ideological act. The course attempts to provide different perspectives on the selection and use of disciplinary knowledge.

We hope you will find these resources useful. We also invite you to enroll in our online modular certificate courses when they are announced on

Please send us your feedback (use this link)

NCTE curriculum and OERs mapping

S.No. NCTE B.Ed. Curriculum topics COOL Resource
1 Debates on disciplinary knowledge Disciplinary Knowledge
2 Selection of the content - what is worth teaching? Values and Practices in Disciplinary Knowledge
3 Challenges to the disciplinarity doctrine. Interdisciplinarity

TISS offers modular courses under the Post-Graduate Certificate for Reflective Teaching with ICT (RTICT), which have been offered by TISS to over 2000 teachers. This program will be useful for teachers and B.Ed students. The courses were developed as a part of the Connected Learning Initiative ( an initiative seeded by the Tata Trusts and led by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA; Winner of the King Hamad Prize for Excellence in the Use of ICTs in Education (2018). CLIx OER ( has several modules, simulations, and tools relating to school science, mathematics and English learning.

Another program offered at TISS, Mumbai, the Post Graduate Certificate in Contemporary Education Perspectives and Research (PGC-CEPR) is aimed at providing continuous professional development to faculty of teacher education institutions, M.Ed students, NGO personnel involved in teacher education, education administrators and policymakers.

TISS-COOL is supported by Tata Institute of Social Sciences, and grants from the Tata Trusts and Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya National Mission for Teachers and Teaching.

Resource Team

Shikha Takker

Mythili Ramachand

Arushi Bansal

Ekta Singla

Resource Card image Credit